Myanmar begins designing validation study for Teacher Competency Standards Framework

Myanmar begins designing validation study for Teacher Competency Standards Framework

As Myanmar raises the quality of the education system through teacher education reforms, it needs teachers with the right values, skills and knowledge to be effective practitioners. To achieve this, a Teacher Competency Standards Framework (TCSF) provides the guidance to build a quality teacher workforce.

In order to finalize the Myanmar TCSF for implementation, a workshop to design a validation study was held in Nay Pyi Taw on 2 November 2018. In his opening remarks, the Union Minister of Education, Dr Myo Thein Gyi, emphasized the importance of TCSF in improving the quality of teaching and in achieving education reform and fostering deep learning in Myanmar schools.

The draft TCSF has been developed by a respected group of national professional education experts. The core Working Group members were drawn from Yangon University of Education, Sagaing University of Education and the University for the Development of National Races, with invited representatives from Yankin, Thingangyun and Hlegu Education Colleges participating on behalf of the 25 nationally distributed Education Colleges.


The TCSF documents clear and concise profiles of what teachers are expected to know and be able to do as well as how they should demonstrate their teaching knowledge and skills at different stages of their careers. These stages are categorized as beginning, experienced, expert and lead teachers. The Framework also establishes benchmarks against which progress in professional development can be assessed over time, ensuring that appraisal and feedback are used in a supportive way to recognise effective practice.

The full draft of the TCSF for beginning teachers is ready for further consultation and validation, before it can be finalized and implemented widely in the country. The workshop, which was the first of two to design the study, was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Education, the National Education Policy Committee, National Accreditation and Quality Assurance Committee, National Curriculum Committee, TCSF Working Group, the teachers’ union and development partners. Together, they discussed options for the validation study, based on findings from a literature review. In groups, workshop attendees considered different types of validity, and how each type of validity might be demonstrated in the study.

Dr Myo Thein Gyi thanked the collaborative efforts of the Strengthening Pre-service Teacher Education in Myanmar (STEM) project with technical assistance from UNESCO and financial contributions from the Governments of Australia, Finland and UK, and Australia’s Myanmar Education Quality Improvement Program (My-EQIP) with technical support from the Australian Council for Educational Research for the TCSF validation study.The group will meet again later in November 2018 to finalize the design of the validation study. The TCSF for beginning teachers is to be finalized by the end of 2019. The validation study findings will then provide evidence for the further development of standards and indicators for higher levels of teaching practice under TCSF, as well as methods through which these might be assessed and implemented.

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