Expert meeting: TVET teacher training programmes and institutions in the Asia and Pacific region

Expert meeting: TVET teacher training programmes and institutions in the Asia and Pacific region

When: 3 - 4 May 2018

Where: Chennai, Thailand

Who: Government officials, researchers, UNESCO Bangkok, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR) Chennai

Quality, equity and inclusion are at the heart of Sustainable Development Goal 4 as well as technical and vocational education and training (TVET) which is seen as a potential solution to the multiple challenges of development. The Asia-Pacific region is characterized by great diversity in terms of demographic trends, socio-economic progress and technological advancements.  However, common challenges related to technological change and the adoption of new technologies confront all of the region’s countries to various degrees. New technologies affect jobs and employment landscapes by reducing the need for people in many existing jobs while generating new job opportunities in emerging industries. These changes may widen existing income inequality, potentially leading to significant social and economic upheaval.

To respond to changing skill needs, education and training providers must equip learners with skills that are responsive to labour market demands and transferable to different employment settings.  However, a dearth of quality teachers and instructors is one of the most pressing issues in TVET, partly because of the stigma attached to TVET as a second-class option and TVET teachers’ salaries remain below the average salaries of similarly educated professionals working in other educational sectors.  This shortage must be addressed in order to improve the quality of TVET programmes.  Quality TVET teachers and instructors are known to be among the most important aspects of the TVET provision.

With this in mind, UNESCO Bangkok, with support from the government of Malaysia, organized an expert meeting on TVET Teacher Training Programmes and Institutions in Asia-Pacific, as part of an ongoing regional effort to address various issues and needs in the field of TVET, including teacher training.  The meeting was organized in collaboration with the NITTTR Chennai, India.  As the main outputs of the meetings, a regional synthesis report that will analyze the country cases will be produced and policy recommendations will be offered to Member States. 

Meeting Documents

Session 1: Background and Regional Overview

Session 2: TVET Teacher Training Programmes and Institutions in Southeast Asia 

Session 3: TVET Teacher Training Programmes and Institutions in South Asia

Session 4: TVET Teacher Training Programmes and Institutions in East and Central Asia

  • Kyrgyzstan by Mr. Mukarapov Zhumakadyr, Training Expert, Vocational Education and Skills Development II Project, Helvetas Swiss Association for International Cooperation
  • Republic of Korea by Dr. Suk-Min Chang, President, Korea Educational Research Institute
  • Mongolia by Dr. Garamkhand Surendeleg, Head of Board, Competency Based Education Center NGO, Oyu tolgoi Co.Ltd.

Session 5: Monitoring and Evaluation of TVET Teacher Training

Contact: Section for Educational Innovation and Skills and Development (; Hyunjeong Lee, Programme Officer (