"Reaching Out" Reports on Preventing and Addressing School-related Gender-based Violence and SOGIE-related Violence in Viet Nam Schools
Two reports recently released by UNESCO Ha Noi and UNESCO Bangkok Offices reveal distinct gaps in all education stakeholder groups’ awareness and understandings of school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) and that LGBT students were at particularly high risk of experiencing violence – 71% of LGBT students had been physically abused, and 72.2% verbally abused.
Reaching Out – Volume 1: Preventing and Addressing School-related Gender-based Violence in Viet Nam sits within broader efforts by the Government of Viet Nam and in particular the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) to recognise, and respond to, SRGBV in schools in Viet Nam. It represents one practical research-based step amongst many in Viet Nam’s response to SRGBV.
Commissioned by UNESCO Ha Noi, Reaching Out – Volume 2: Preventing and Addressing SOGIE-related School Violence in Viet Nam sheds light on the ways in which students in Viet Nam experience SOGIE-related school violence, what schools are doing to address it, and provides recommendations for further research and interventions.
The reports draw on evidence from nearly 3,700 survey participants, 280 Focus-Group Discussion (FGD) participants and 85 In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) with students (including LGBT students), school staff and parents collected in 6 provinces throughout Viet Nam. Other key findings from the two reports include:
• Stereotypes and prejudices against gender non-conformity, femininity and perceived ‘weakness’ were among the factors motivating SRGBV.
• The study highlighted the existence of clear negative academic and wellbeing outcomes for victims of SRGBV, and new guidelines are needed to overcome a culture of inaction and fear around SRGBV so that schools can become safer and more supportive spaces.
• LGBT students presented stronger awareness of SOGIE-related school violence than other groups, most particularly verbal violence and its negative long-term effects.
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